By A.D.D. Craik
The nineteenth century used to be a key interval within the improvement of the mathematical sciences in Britain. topics reminiscent of rigid-body dynamics, hydrodynamics, elasticity, optics, warmth, electrical energy and magnetism have been prolonged and given more impregnable foundations; new components of natural arithmetic have been explored; and significant advances came about in information, astronomy, geology and glaciology.
The mid-19th century additionally introduced dramatic alterations to Cambridge collage. earlier than 1850, the one pathway to an honours measure used to be the Mathematical Tripos - taken through all aspiring scholars no matter what their destined careers - and the easiest instructing was once supplied via inner most tutors, the main popular being the awesome William Hopkins.
This wide-ranging ebook tells the tale of Hopkins and the schooling and next careers of his best "wranglers", a lot of whom went directly to have illustrious careers as bishops, judges, politicians, scientists or educators. It attracts on first-hand money owed of existence at Cambridge to offer the reader a glimpse inside of its schools, and it charts the evolution of the curriculum and the sluggish, usually reluctant, reforms that resulted in Cambridge’s dominance of British larger schooling. It surveys the medical achievements of the time and considers the disproportionate contributions made by way of Scottish and Irish alumni in constructing a examine neighborhood. progressively, Cambridge used to be reworked from a near-moribund establishment right into a world-renowned centre for the mathematical and actual sciences.
Many well-known scientists and mathematicians are profiled, between them G. eco-friendly, G.G. Stokes, J.C. Adams, W. Thomson (Lord Kelvin), A. Cayley and J.C. Maxwell, and plenty of lesser-known figures too, together with the 1st professors in Australia and the teach to an Indian maharajah. furthermore, and as a unique spotlight, Hopkins’ personal choice of pics of his best scholars, attributed to the artist T.C. Wageman, are released right here – in color – for the 1st time.
Scholarly but non-technical, this can be a attention-grabbing examine Cambridge in the course of the Victorian period that's obtainable to a person with an curiosity within the heritage of technological know-how and arithmetic; the background of schooling; the interplay of technology and spiritual trust; the background of Cambridge college; and Victorian Britain usually.
Alex D.D. Craik is a graduate of St Andrews and Cambridge. for a few years, he taught utilized arithmetic at St Andrews collage, the place he's shortly an emeritus professor.