Download Shaping space : exploring polyhedra in nature, art, and the by Marjorie Senechal PDF

By Marjorie Senechal

First Steps -- creation to the Polyhedron state / Marjorie Senechal -- Six Recipes for Making Polyhedra / Marion Walter, Jean Pedersen, Magnus Wenninger, Doris Schattschneider, Arthur L. Loeb -- general and Semiregular Polyhedra / H. S. M. Coxeter -- Milestones within the historical past of Polyhedra / Joseph Malkevitch -- Polyhedra: Surfaces or Solids? / Arthur L. Loeb -- Dürer's challenge / Joseph O'Rourke -- Polyhedra in Nature and paintings -- Exploring the Polyhedron nation / Marjorie Senechal -- Spatial conception and Creativity / Janos Baracs -- Goldberg Polyhedra / George Hart -- Polyhedra and Crystal buildings / Chung Chieh -- Polyhedral Molecular Geometries / Magdolna Hargittai, Istvan Hargittai -- shape, functionality, and Functioning / George Fleck -- Polyhedra within the Geometrical mind's eye -- The Polyhedron state the next day to come / Marjorie Senechal -- Paneled and Molecular Polyhedra: How strong Are They? / Ileana Streinu -- Duality of Polyhedra / Branko Grünbaum, G. C. Shephard -- Combinatorial Prototiles / Egon Schulte -- Polyhedra Analogues of the Platonic Solids / Jörg M. Wills -- Convex Polyhedra, Dirichlet Tessellations, and Spider Webs / Walter Whiteley, Peter F. Ash, Ethan Bolker, Henry Crapo -- Uniform Polyhedra from Diophantine Equations / Barry Monson -- Torus Decompostions of standard Polytopes in 4-space / Thomas F. Banchoff -- Tensegrities and worldwide pressure / Robert Connelly -- Ten difficulties in Geometry / Moritz W. Schmitt, Günter M. Ziegler

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Download Static Compression of Energetic Materials (Shock Wave and by Suhithi M. Peiris, Gasper J. Piermarini PDF

By Suhithi M. Peiris, Gasper J. Piermarini

Constructing and trying out novel lively fabrics is an increasing department of the fabrics sciences. response, detonation or explosion of such fabrics always produce super excessive pressures and temperatures. to review the equations-of-state (EOS) of vigorous fabrics in severe regimes either surprise and static excessive strain stories are required. the current quantity is an creation and assessment of theoretical, experimental and numerical features of static compression of such fabrics. bankruptcy 1 introduces the fundamental experimental software, the diamond anvil strain telephone and the observational options used with it akin to optical microscopy, infrared spectrometry and x-ray diffraction. bankruptcy 2 outlines the rules of high-nitrogen vigorous fabrics synthesis. Chapters three and four, learn and evaluate a variety of EOS formalisms and information becoming for crystalline and  non-crystalline fabrics, respectively. bankruptcy five information the response kinetics of detonating full of life fabrics. bankruptcy 6 investigates the interaction among static and dynamic (shock) reports. eventually, Chapters 7 and eight introduce numerical simulations: molecular dynamics of lively fabrics lower than both  hydrostatic or uni-axial rigidity and ab-inito remedies of defects in crystalline fabrics. This well timed quantity meets the transforming into call for for a state-of-the paintings creation and overview of the main appropriate facets of static compression of full of life fabrics and should be a invaluable connection with researchers and scientists operating in educational, business and governmental learn laboratories.

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Download X Rays and Crystal Structure by William Henry Bragg PDF

By William Henry Bragg

Many books were written in a well-liked variety to stress the significance of x-ray crystallography and to create curiosity within the incredible findings of the staff within the box. a number of books were written with rigor for the good thing about the main complicated students. In among the extremes of renowned and rigorous there's a hole. due to this hole, a truly huge share of the x-ray crystal-lographers actively engaged within the box in the USA at the present time are figuring out buildings effectively merely simply because they've got bridged the distance by way of having learn a unavoidably huge variety of these papers within the clinical journals which function signposts for the idea and the correct approach. it's the objective of the current textual content to provide a typical resource during which the scholar may well locate condensed the lessons of the pioneers in crystallography. even supposing the lone investigator is borne in brain in the course of the publication, it's been was hoping that the e-book can also be of use as a school textual content in a two-quarter direction in constitution research. a lot of this e-book has been used as lecture fabric over a six-year interval on the college of Utah (1947-1953) and, within the kind of mimeographed lecture notes, has been less than consistent revision from the start. the 1st 4 chapters pertain to crystallography preparatory to the final 5 chapters on constitution.

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Download X-Ray Diffraction (Paperback) by B. E. Warren PDF

By B. E. Warren

This rigorous graduate-level advent stresses sleek purposes to nonstructural difficulties corresponding to temperature vibration results, order-disorder phenomena, crystal imperfections, the constitution of amorphous fabrics, and the diffraction of x-rays in excellent crystals. correct difficulties at bankruptcy ends. Six Appendixes contain tables of values. Bibliographies. 146 illustrations.

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Download Computer Simulations of Dislocations by Vasily Bulatov, Wei Cai PDF

By Vasily Bulatov, Wei Cai

This e-book provides a huge selection of versions and computational equipment - from atomistic to continuum - utilized to crystal dislocations. Its function is to aid scholars and researchers in computational fabrics sciences to obtain useful wisdom of appropriate simulation equipment. simply because their habit spans a number of size and time scales, crystal dislocations current a standard flooring for an in-depth dialogue of various computational methods, together with their relative strengths, weaknesses and inter-connections. the main points of the coated tools are offered within the type of "numerical recipes" and illustrated by means of case reports. a collection of simulation codes and information records is made on hand at the book's site to assist the reader "to learn-by-doing" via fixing the workout difficulties provided within the e-book.

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Download Handbook of Crystal Growth, Second Edition: Fundamentals by Tatau Nishinaga PDF

By Tatau Nishinaga

Volume IA instruction manual of Crystal development, second variation (Fundamentals: Thermodynamics and Kinetics) quantity IA addresses the current prestige of crystal development technological know-how, and offers clinical instruments for the subsequent volumes: quantity II (Bulk Crystal development) and III (Thin movie development and Epitaxy). quantity IA highlights thermodynamics and kinetics. After old advent of the crystal progress, part equilibria, disorder thermodynamics, stoichiometry, and form of crystal and constitution of soften are defined. Then, the main basic and uncomplicated points of crystal development are provided, in addition to the theories of nucleation and progress kinetics. furthermore, the simulations of crystal progress through Monte Carlo, ab initio-based procedure and colloidal meeting are completely investigated.

Volume IB Handbook of Crystal development, second version (Fundamentals: shipping and balance) quantity IB discusses trend formation, a standard challenge in crystal development. furthermore, an creation to morphological balance is given and the phase-field version is defined with comparability to experiments. the sector of nanocrystal development is swiftly increasing and right here the expansion from vapor is gifted to illustrate. For the development of lifestyles technology, the crystal progress of protein and different organic molecules is necessary and organic crystallization in nature offers many tricks for his or her crystal progress. one other topic mentioned is pharmaceutical crystal progress. to appreciate the crystal progress, in situ statement is intensely robust. The statement suggestions are demonstrated.

Volume IA

  • Explores section equilibria, illness thermodynamics of Si, stoichiometry of oxides and atomistic constitution of soften and alloys
  • Explains uncomplicated principles to appreciate crystal progress, equilibrium form of crystal, rough-smooth transition of step and floor, nucleation and progress mechanisms
  • Focuses on simulation of crystal progress by way of classical Monte Carlo, ab-initio established quantum mechanical strategy, kinetic Monte Carlo and part box version. managed colloidal meeting is gifted as an experimental version for crystal growth.

Volume IIB

  • Describes morphological balance idea and phase-field version and comparability to experiments of dendritic growth
  • Presents nanocrystal development in vapor in addition to protein crystal progress and organic crystallization
  • Interprets mass creation of pharmaceutical crystals to be understood as usual crystal progress and explains crystallization of chiral molecules
  • Demonstrates in situ remark of crystal development in vapor, answer and soften at the floor and in area

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