By John Dwight
This hugely illustrated booklet is a pragmatic layout consultant to the structural use of aluminum. The chapters contain this heritage of aluminum, variety of purposes, alloys and their houses. The publication additionally offers with structural layout, and is a useful source for designers, with various diagrams, charts and examples.
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Extra info for Aluminium design and construction
5 Machining Because of the high metal removal rate that is possible with fully-heattreated material in the strong alloys, a valid technique for the manufacture of large structural components is to machine them. For the aircraft of World War II, this was the standard way of producing spar-booms (extending the length of a wing), these being machined out of thick extrusions. Since then the method has been extended to the milling of wide stiffened panels out of thick plate. Such panels, forming large parts of a wing or fuselage, typically comprise a skin of varying thickness with integral stiffeners, and are machined in the flat before curving.
It greatly increases the life of the thread if the joint has to be unscrewed from time to time. 2 Friction-grip bolting This type of connection is employed when maximum rigidity is needed under shear loading. It calls for the use of special high tensile (HSFG) steel bolts in clearance holes, these being torqued up to a high tension so that the service loading is carried entirely by friction. 2), but it still has some application. Practice broadly follows that for steel structures. 4395: Part 1).
An important feature of aluminium extrusion is the ability to produce sections that are very thin relative to their overall size. There are various versions of the extrusion process. Aluminium sections are normally produced by direct extrusion. As for flat products, the starting point is molten metal with a composition carefully controlled by the addition of hardeners. Long cylindrical ‘logs’ are then produced by continuous casting, often at the smelting plant. These are cut into shorter lengths by the extruder to produce the actual extrusion billets.