By Paul E. Fontenoy
Airplane companies: An Illustrated historical past in their impression КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOСерия: guns and WarfareАвтор(ы): Paul FontenoyЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2006Количество страниц: 420ISBN: 1-85109-578-0Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 9.25 mb fast Ifolder zero
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Extra info for Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact
The two new British carriers, destined to be completed well after the end of World War I, were still semi-experimental vessels that also crystallized the Royal Navy’s hard-won experience of aircraft carrier operations during four years of war. The Hermes was designed as a scouting carrier to work with the fleet’s cruisers and deploy its aircraft to increase their range of reconnaissance. The Hermes’s size, structure, machinery, speed, protection, and defensive armament emulated those of contemporary light cruisers.
While operational experience had confirmed the potential value of carrier-based aviation, the technical and functional details necessary for success remained immature. Major navies accepted that aircraft carriers were an essential feature of future fleets but the shape, size, arrangements, facilities, and equipment all were uncertain and still required much experiment and testing. 21 CHAPTER TWO The Aircraft Carrier Matures By the end of World War I all major navies had concluded that aircraft carriers would play an important role in future operations.
The design for this carrier owed much to the commission’s observations of the Argus. It envisaged a hangar 325 feet long and 98 feet wide surmounted by a 490-foot long flight deck, with two large elevators linking them. It would have 6-inch guns and torpedo tubes for defense against surface vessels. The bridge was to be suspended beneath the forward edge of the flight deck and the furnace uptakes would be trunked to exhaust at the stern as far as possible below the level of the flight deck. The Conseil Supérieur approved this project and selected the Béarn, the member of the class in the least advanced stage of construction, for conversion.