By Cristiana Barreto (auth.), Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek (eds.)
The papers during this ebook query the tyranny of typological considering in archaeology via case stories from a variety of South American international locations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, in any case, the best way to create networks that supply meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny might be conquer in the event that they are used from a serious, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: serious as the complacent angle in the direction of their tyranny is changed by way of a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as capability to arrive replacement and suggestive interpretations yet no longer as final and yes destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to stick to they're fairly used as constitutive elements of extra complicated and connective materials. The papers integrated within the booklet are diversified in temporal and locational phrases. They conceal from so known as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are similar. they've got in universal their shared rejection of confirmed, naturalized typologies that constrain the way in which archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into renowned and predictable conclusions. Their innovative interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious due to their organization with colonial political narratives. as an alternative, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological data.
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Additional info for Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective
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33, 37) identified these objects as one of the main prestige goods in circulation among groups from the tropical forest and the northeastern coast of South America because of their ritual meaning and symbolic associations, proposing their circulation in exchange systems like the kula rings in Melanesia in areas where the quirípa was circulating (cf. Malinowski 1975, pp. 95–96; Gassón 1999, p. 81). 7 The specific economic characteristics of a prestige-good system are dominated by the political advantage gained through exercising control over access to resources that can only be obtained through external trade.
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