By Steve Taylor
Advances in nutrients and meals examine is an eclectic serial validated in 1948. The serial acknowledges the fundamental courting among the nutrients and dietary sciences and brings jointly striking and entire experiences that spotlight this courting. Contributions element the medical advancements within the wide parts encompassed via the fields of foodstuff technology and foodstuff and are meant to make sure that nutrition scientists in academia and undefined, in addition to specialist nutritionists and dieticians, are saved trained bearing on rising examine and advancements in those very important disciplines. *Series confirmed on account that 1948*Advisory Board comprises eight revered scientists*Unique sequence because it combines meals technology and meals learn
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Extra info for Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Vol. 48
The diVerence in T2 relaxation behavior between liquids and solids is very dramatic and is the basis for using NMR for determining water content (Schmidt, 1991) and solid fat content (Gribnau, 1992). The dependence of T2 relaxation on molecular correlation time is also illustrated in Figure 22. In the extreme narrowing limit, T2 ¼ T1, whereas in the slow motion regime, T1 becomes much longer than T2. In general, based on Figure 22, shorter T2 values mean less mobility. NMR relaxation time measurements (T1 and T2) can provide valuable information for investigating the molecular dynamics of water in food systems.
For the interested reader, Hills (1998) presents a comprehensive overview of water proton relaxation, ranging from that in dilute (solutions and gels) to more concentrated (rubbers and glasses) model food systems. 3. Distance and timescales involved in NMR As discussed previously, foods display an enormous range of compositional, structural, and dynamical complexity. The structural complexity of foods can extend over distance scales ranging from subatomic to macroscopic. WATER AND SOLIDS MOBILITY IN FOODS 49 Figure 24, presented originally by Belton (1995), illustrates the enormous range in distance scales that can be probed using various magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging techniques.
Nuclei with I > 1/2 have a quadrupole moment (called quadrupolar nuclei) that allows them to interact with electric fields produced by neighboring nuclei and electrons. Water has three stable nuclei that possess nonzero spin values: proton (1H), deuterium (2H), and oxygen-17 (17O). J. SCHMIDT FIG. 19 An external magnetic field (B0) applied to a nucleus causes the nucleus to precess at a frequency (v0) proportional to the strength of the magnetic field [Eq. (9)]. allowed orientations, as well as other NMR parameters, for the three NMRactive water nuclei are given in Table V.