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By Erika Harrell

Harrell makes use of a number of waves of the nationwide formative years Survey to degree no matter if Agnew s common pressure concept (GST) may clarify the connection among adolescent victimization and delinquency. She examines the results of victimization on forms of delinquency throughout racial and gender teams. the most premise of the GST, that elevated pressure in someone can result in elevated antisocial habit, is supported right here. Adolescent victimization, as a resource of pressure, raises antisocial habit. even if, the impression of adolescent victimization delinquency did range throughout racial and gender teams.

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Extra info for Adolescent Victimization and Delinquent Behavior

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In looking at the literature on the effect of victimization on drug use, there has been very little done in terms of racial differences. Agnew and White (1992), Dembo et al. (1987), and Dembo et al. (1989) controlled for race in their models and found that race only affected the amount of drugs used. Each of these studies found that Whites were using more drugs than African Americans. They did not attempt to test their models across racial groups. However, Harrell (2001), using cross-sectional data of youth aged 11 to 17, found that the effect of victimization increased the likelihood of drug use in Whites but not in African Americans.

Another issue raised in Arellano’s review was the racial and gender composition of the samples used in these studies. A significant proportion of the research used samples that were exclusively of one gender and of one race (Dembo et al. 1989; Edwall et al. 1989; Harrison et al. 1989; Van Hasselt et al. 1992). This precludes these studies from making reliable tests across gender and racial groups. Another problem of using institutionalized samples and samples whose members are of one race or gender is the issue of generalizability.

If the constraining factors are successful in keeping one from delinquent activity, then he or she will be less likely to engage in criminal conduct. GENERAL STRAIN THEORY AND GENDER AND RACIAL DIFFERENCES Agnew’s general strain theory has also been applied to various group differences in crime, particularly gender and racial differences. In Broidy’s and Agnew’s (1997) theoretical article speculating on the application of GST to the gender gap in crime, they argued that males and females experience different types of strain, which leads to distinct behavioral outcomes.

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