By E.B. Ruttkamp
In this booklet Emma Ruttkamp demonstrates the facility of the full-blown employment of the model-theoretic paradigm within the philosophy of technology. inside of this paradigm she offers an account of sciences as method and product. She expounds the "received assertion" and the "non-statement" perspectives of technology, and exhibits how the model-theoretic strategy resolves the spurious pressure among those perspectives. during this endeavour she additionally engages the perspectives of a couple of modern philosophers of technological know-how with affinity to version idea. this article should be learn via experts operating in philosophy of technology or formal semantics, by means of logicians engaged on the constitution of theories, and through scholars in philosophy of technology - this article deals a radical advent to non-statement money owed of sciences in addition to a dialogue of the normal assertion account of science.
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Extra info for A Model-Theoretic Realist Interpretation of Science
Writes" ... the empirical models that econometricians [work] with [are] a sort of halfway house, formed to capture the correspondence between theory and data ... ". Well, empirical models in my terms also have a decisive role to play in "bridging" the gap between the interpretative models of a theory and the quantified data concerning some system in reality. However, it is apparent that Morgan is indeed somehow conflating the notions of interpretative and empirical model set out above. ). Briefly they are transforming the "verbal theory" into mathematical form and deciding on values for variables, dealing with the ceteris paribus clauses under which the theory is taken to hold, and setting down the specific time frame for each theory.
There are thus no "rigid designators" across interpretations. A model of any formula such that every free occurrence of variables in it refers to an element in the domain of an interpretation of L by means of a specific valuation, will be an interpretation under which that formula is true by the specific valuation defined for its (the formula's) variables. 9 Now, a sentence is a formula with no free occurrence of variables. Thus the definition of the truth of a formula implies that a sentence will either be true under an interpretation by all possible valuations or false under all valuations.
Should his laws be viewed as the axioms of this theory or as empirical laws in the Popperian way? In the model-theoretic approach to science that I advocate, the axioms of a theory describe the interpretative model(s) in which they (or the laws they represent) are true. Such a model then sets out the calculation of values of certain functions and the interpretation of certain theoretical terms in the context of the model. In this case, for instance, it could mean that bodies are conceived of as "mass-points" without extension.