Download A Logic Book: Fundamentals of Reasoning by Robert M. Johnson PDF

By Robert M. Johnson

Regardless of how reliable an concept sounds, if it is logically invalid it will not delay. A common sense ebook: basics OF REASONING takes you contained in the international of dialogue and indicates you ways to perfectly constitution your arguments. and since A common sense e-book: basics OF REASONING is obvious and straightforward to keep on with, you may be up-to-speed at school to boot.

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EL PSICOLOGISMO EN LÓGICA El psicologismo en lógica, en tanto corriente filosófica explícita, se constituye simultáneamente, como ya se dijo, con la aparición de la psicología experimental, en particular con la llamada psicología fisiológica de Wilhelm Wundt. Pensadores como Ebbinghaus, Külpe, Stumpf y aun Brentano y Meinnong contribuyeron o se adhirieron a esta nueva psicología. Pero no todos ellos se ocuparon de la relación entre lógica y psicología. Entre los que se ocuparon de esta problemática, se encuentran el mismo Wilhelm Wundt (1853-1920), Christopher Sigwart (1830-1904), Theodor Lipps (1851-1914) y Benno Erdmann (1855-1921), los tres primeros comúnmente considerados como los representantes máximos del psicologismo alemán del siglo XIX.

Véase también Koslow, 1992, y McGee, 1999. , sean utilizadas de tal manera que todos los axiomas de la geometría de Hilbert resulten verdaderos. Algunos filósofos piensan que esta estipulación resultaría en una asignación de significados. 3. 2). Cuál de los distintos métodos ha de ser utilizado depende de nuestros objetivos. El método de la traducción, a diferencia de los otros dos, tiene la ventaja de hacer las fórmulas del lenguaje formal en cuestión inmediatamente comprensibles para un usuario del lenguaje al que se traduce.

Sus críticas al psicologismo son de dos tipos. Las correspondientes al primer tipo son presentadas bajo la misma forma indirecta de argumentación: si se aceptan las tesis psicologistas se obtienen determinadas consecuencias empíricas que pueden ser refutadas; luego el psicologismo es insostenible. Las críticas del segundo tipo consisten en mostrar que las tesis psicologistas involucran prejuicios cuya falsedad es fácilmente demostrable. A nuestro propósito nos interesa destacar en forma sintética y simple solamente las consecuencias que Husserl infiere a partir de la tesis psicologista según la cual las leyes de la lógica son leyes psicológicas o se fundan en leyes psicológicas.

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